Sightseeing tour of Smederevo Fortress and Viminacium.
The Smederevo Fortress – is a medieval fortified city in Smederevo, Serbia, which was temporary capital of Serbia in the Middle Ages. It was built between 1427 and 1430 on the order of Despot Đurađ Branković, the ruler of the Serbian Despotate. It was further fortified by the Ottoman Empire, which had taken the city, in the end of the century.
The fortress withstood several sieges by Ottomans and Serbs, surviving relatively unscathed. During World War II it was heavily damaged, by explosions and bombing. As of 2009 it is in the midst of extensive restoration and conservation work, despite which the fortress remains “one of the rare preserved courts of medieval Serbian rulers.
Viminacium, on a 40 km distance from Silver lake, was one of the most important roman cities and military encampments in period between I and VI century. It’s in surroundings of town Kostolac on the mouth of the Mlava river in the Danube. During the reign of emperor Hadrian (117-138), Viminacium became capital of Roman province of Moesia Superior – today’s Serbia. City was devastated various times in the Goths and the Avars attacks, and was completely perished by the Huns in 441. Today this is the archeological unit of exceptional importance and The tale of the ancient splendor and decay of the Roman city and military camp Viminacium has attracted the attention of both the national and the international public.
Seven objects are involved and opened for visitors:
1. Porta praetoria
2. Roman Thermae
3. The Mausoleum and the Cemeteries
4. Mammoth park
5. Domvs Scientiarum
7. Funerary Memoria (The memoriae are conserved and open to the public on the premises of the thermo-electric power plant “Drmno”)
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